Useful Java Code Snippets 8 - File Finder in Java



Hello everyone, today we are going to work on a file finder program in Java. 



First let's create two folders in our working directory and add some text files in them. Then let's rename these files as shown in the figure below.



Since we are done with our files, now we can create our FileFinder class. As you see in the code, this class extends SimpleFileVisitor which is a simple visitor of files with default behavior to visit all files in the path.

FileFinder.java


/**
* Author : Berk Soysal
*/

package herrberk;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.FileSystems;
import java.nio.file.FileVisitResult;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.PathMatcher;
import java.nio.file.SimpleFileVisitor;
import java.nio.file.attribute.BasicFileAttributes;
import java.util.ArrayList;

public  class FileFinder extends SimpleFileVisitor<Path> {

  private PathMatcher matcher;
  public ArrayList<Path> foundPaths = new ArrayList<>();
 
  public FileFinder(String pattern) {
    matcher = FileSystems.getDefault().getPathMatcher("glob:" + pattern);
  }
 
  @Override
  public FileVisitResult visitFile(Path file, BasicFileAttributes attrs)
   throws IOException {
    Path name = file.getFileName();
    System.out.println("Examining " + name);
    if (matcher.matches(name)) {
      foundPaths.add(file);
    }
   return FileVisitResult.CONTINUE;
  }
}


Our main file creates a 'finder' object and visits the file paths in a tree topology until it finds the locations and prints them.

Main.java


/**
* Author : Berk Soysal
*/

package herrberk;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.LinkOption;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.util.ArrayList;

public class Main {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

    Path fileDir = Paths.get("files");

    FileFinder finder = new FileFinder("file*.txt");
    Files.walkFileTree(fileDir, finder);
  
    ArrayList<Path> foundFiles = finder.foundPaths;
  
    if (foundFiles.size() > 0) {
      for (Path path : foundFiles) {
        System.out.println(path.toRealPath(LinkOption.NOFOLLOW_LINKS));
      }
    }
    else {
      System.out.println("No files were found!");
    }
  }
}


Output

Examining file1.txt
Examining file2.txt
Examining file3.txt
Examining file4.txt
C:\Users\Berk\workspace\FindingFiles\files\dir1\file1.txt
C:\Users\Berk\workspace\FindingFiles\files\dir1\file2.txt
C:\Users\Berk\workspace\FindingFiles\files\dir2\file3.txt
C:\Users\Berk\workspace\FindingFiles\files\dir2\file4.txt



Please leave a comment if you have any questions or comments.




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Software Developer, Codemio Admin


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